4 May 2018 – Deteriorating Situation in the Gaza Strip – Protection of Civilians


I regret that I must once again write to you regarding the dire situation being borne by the Palestinian people under Israel’s illegal, belligerent military occupation.

Conditions remain critical in the Gaza Strip, where Palestinian civilians peacefully protesting against this inhumane occupation continue to be subject to attack by the Israeli occupying forces.  As even more suffering is being inflicted on this vulnerable and besieged population, hopes are further diminishing, and this loss of hope is especially prevalent among our youth. This has been reported widely, including in a 29 April piece by The New York Times, reflecting on the recent protests and quoting a 22-year old Palestinian youth – who is unemployed and whose family is struggling with the impoverishment and collective punishment imposed on the entire population – as referring to the situation as so unbearable that: “Death or life – it’s the same thing”.

Today’s developments only reinforce this sense of despair and anger in the face of this ruthless occupation.  Yet again, the occupying forces have chosen to respond with military force against unarmed Palestinians in Gaza engaged today in non-violent protests in the context of the Great March of Return – launched on 30 March of this year in view of the impending anniversary of 70 years of the Nakba –causing more civilian casualties.

As of the writing of this letter, it is being reported more than 1,100 people have been injured, including at least 82 people shot and wounded by live ammunition.  Since the protests began on 30 March, 49 Palestinians have been killed by the Israeli occupying forces in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.  This includes the killing of a 15-year old boy, Azzam Oweida, who was shot in the head by Israeli soldiers during last Friday’s protests and who died the following day of his injuries, as well as the killing of three Palestinians near the Gaza-Israel border on Sunday, 29 April.

The number of Palestinians wounded and injured since the protests began has now surpassed 7,000 civilians, with many suffering critical injuries, exacerbated by the health crisis in Gaza. The treatment of the wounded has also been gravely compounded by the type of ammunition being used by Israel, the occupying Power, against our civilian population.  This includes the use of explosive bullets, such as ‘butterfly bullets’, which explode upon impact, destroying tissue, arteries and bone and causing severe internal injuries. The use of such weaponry and the massive body wounds and bone and tissue damage they are causing has led to increased incidences of limb amputation and permanent disability among injured Palestinians and, in several cases, death from the severity of wounds.

As tensions continue to rise and humanitarian and security conditions to deteriorate, the urgency of addressing this dire situation and bringing it back from the brink thus cannot be understated. This message was repeatedly conveyed to the Security Council by one delegation after another at the open debate held recently on 26 April, and it is a message we convey once again today. Time is of essence and the international community must act without delay.

The international community, including the Security Council, must act, in line with international legal obligations, including the relevant UN resolutions, for the sake of protecting the Palestinian civilian population under Israel’s foreign occupation, ensuring accountability and salvaging the prospects for peace and security before the downward spiral crosses the point of no return. In this regard, delegations addressing the Security Council also clearly underscored that the question of Palestine remains at the heart of the instability in the Middle East and that a just solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict remains the key to peace.

Absent measures of accountability, it is clear that Israel will persist with its unlawful blockade and deliberate attacks on Palestinian civilians in Gaza and escalation of its other violations in the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, with total impunity. The occupying Power is flagrantly ignoring the international community’s calls, including at the highest levels, for restraint and compliance with the law, including its obligations under the 4th Geneva Convention and all provisions relevant to the protection of civilians in armed conflict.  Moreover, the Israeli Government continues to incite against the Palestinian people and occupying forces continue to shoot, kill and injure unarmed Palestinian civilians, including children, engaged in peaceful, non-violent protest and not posing any threat at all.

Repeated statements by Israeli officials clearly indicate such aggression against our civilians to be part of an intentional, systematic policy, designed, commanded and implemented to inflict as much loss and punishment on the Palestinian people as possible, including death and permanent disability.  How else can one explain the designation of an entire civilian population, over half of them children, as a target for attack, as done by Israeli Minister Avigdor Lieberman, who has openly declared that “there are no innocent civilians in Gaza”? Echoing this shameful mindset, the so-called Science and Technology Minister of Israel, in referring to civilian protesters in Gaza, “He is not an innocent civilian who is coming to seek peace. I’m sure of that”.

Such willful targeting of civilians is outright terrorism; it constitutes a grave breach of international humanitarian, human rights and criminal law. For all of these crimes, there must be accountability.

We thus reiterate our call for an independent, transparent, international investigation into these crimes being perpetrated by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including the killing and injuring of peaceful civilian protesters, as called for by the UN Secretary-General and countless other States and international organizations.

In this regard and in relation to the recent announcement by the Israeli government of the intention to launch an investigation, we must also reiterate that Israeli domestic investigations into crimes perpetrated by the occupying forces against Palestinians are wholly inadequate. Even Israeli human rights organizations concur on this point. As noted, on 26 April, by the Executive Director of the Israeli organization B’tselem: “Extensive past experience clearly demonstrates that the recently announced Israeli ‘investigation’ of some of these fatalities is nothing more than a whitewash mechanism. It is part of a façade designed to give the impression that Israel is abiding by its legal obligation to investigate.  Recent statements by Israeli officials indicate that the announcement was only made in attempt to forestall and prevent investigations by international bodies”.

Moreover, it is clear that the illegal Israeli military courts that try Palestinians – including the only juvenile military court in the world – are illegitimate, established only to sustain the occupation and not to achieve justice. This is confirmed by the fact that all segments of the Palestinian people have been subject to arrest, including children, women, human rights defenders, journalists, parliamentarians, and of course men and young males, who are the primary targets. And, this has been compounded by an astounding conviction rate, which stands at over 99%, a rate which is only achieved by the persistent abuse by Israel of its obligations as an occupying Power and of fair trial rights.

That Israel’s military courts operate in breach of international law has been confirmed by, inter alia, the former UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, the UN Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Israeli Settlements, and Human Rights Council treaty bodies. As stated today by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, “Israel’s failure to consistently prosecute violations committed by members of its security forces, encourages them to use deadly force against their fellow unarmed human beings, even when they present no threat.”

The fact that Israel’s military investigation system whitewashes crimes against Palestinians has also been yet again reconfirmed by the recent sentencing on 25 April, of Israeli policeman Ben Dery who shot and murdered unarmed Palestinian teenager Nadeem Nuwara on 15 May 2014, following a peaceful civilian demonstration to mark the Nakba.  After nearly four years of pursuing justice, the Nuwara family’s wound was deepened by the nine-month prison sentence given to Dery for this blatant war crime. In stark contrast to that absurd sentence, Palestinian child Ahed Tamimi, who confronted an Israeli soldier who invaded her home in the occupied West Bank, remains in jail, being forced to serve an eight-month sentence.

These cases are only two of the countless such injustices endured by the Palestinian people under more than a half-century of this criminal occupation.  Moreover, they are reflective of the double-standard prevailing, wherein outrageous sentences are handed down against Palestinians by Israeli military courts, while Israeli soldiers and extremist settlers are permitted to harm and terrorize Palestinian civilians with complete impunity. In this regard, referring to the case of Nadeem Nuwara, a spokesperson for Defense for Children International has stated, “Despite clear and overwhelming video, spatial and sound forensic analysis showing Ben Dery intentionally killed Nuwara… The lenient sentence announced today is not surprising and illustrates how pervasive and entrenched denial perpetuates impunity even where video evidence shows Israeli forces intentionally killing children.”

As we continue to bear witness to the crimes of this malicious, illegal Israeli occupation, including the carnage being perpetrated against our people Gaza, we must again call on the international community to ensure protection for the Palestinian people. International law, including humanitarian and human rights law, and the relevant UN resolutions must be held, without exception. We urge the Security Council to act on its responsibilities in this regard and also appeal to all States to fulfill their legal obligations, including to respect and ensure respect of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilians in Time of War in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.  This is an urgent matter and is central to preserving international rules, norms and moral standards in all cases and to salvaging the chances for a just peace.

This letter is in follow-up to our 632 previous letters regarding the ongoing crisis in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, which constitutes the territory of the State of Palestine. These letters, dated from 29 September 2000 (A/55/432-S/2000/921) to 27 April 2018 (XXX) constitute a basic record of the crimes being committed by Israel, the occupying Power, against the Palestinian people since September 2000.  For all of these war crimes, acts of State terrorism and systematic human rights violations being committed against the Palestinian people, Israel, the occupying Power, must be held accountable and the perpetrators be brought to justice.

I should be grateful if you would arrange to have this letter made available to the members of the Security Council for their immediate and valuable consideration and also distributed as an official document of the Security Council.

Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my highest consideration.

Dr. Riyad Mansour

Ambassador, Permanent Observer

of the State of Palestine to the United Nations