5 June 2018 – 51 years of occupation and killing of Palestinian Medic


On this somber 51st anniversary of Israel’s occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories in 1967, I am compelled to write to you once again to draw the international community’s attention to the violent crimes and human rights violations that continue to be endured by the Palestinian people as a result of this illegal and belligerent Israeli military occupation.

It is astounding and deeply tragic that – despite the passage of more than a half-century of Israel’s occupation and the passage of seventy years of the dispossession, displacement and oppression of the Palestinian people in an ongoing and cruel Nakba – not only has the international community failed to mobilize to redress this unlawful situation – from its root causes to the crises we witness today – but it has allowed the situation to further deteriorate, with regression of both the conditions on the ground and the prospects for achieving a just and peaceful solution.

As the suffering of our people has intensified in recent weeks and months, their faith in the international community and international law to protect them and preserve their rights from Israel’s relentless onslaught has been even more severely diminished. Yet again, despite their appeals and hopes, the United Nations Security Council failed to act to address their worsening plight, particularly in the Gaza Strip, due to the veto cast by the United States on the draft resolution that was presented by Kuwait in its capacity as the Arab representative on the Council.

The US veto obstructed the efforts by conscientious members of the Council to uphold their Charter duties with action aimed at addressing the current crisis and ensuring the safety, protection and well-being of the Palestinian civilian population in accordance with international law and the relevant United Nations resolutions. As many have cautioned, rather than contributing to the protection of civilians, the outcome of the vote will undoubtedly further foster Israel’s impunity and belief that it is above the law, emboldening its illegal and brutal behavior.

This was painfully borne out on the day of the vote in the Security Council, 1 June, as Israel, the occupying Power, continued its vicious attacks against unarmed Palestinian civilians participating in the “Great March of Return” to protest the systematic violation of their human rights, to demand an end to Israeli occupation and blockade, and to call for independence, freedom and return to their ancestral lands. The total number of Palestinians killed since this protest began on 30 March has reached 119, including 14 children.

For the tenth week in a row, the Israeli military deliberately unleashed force against defenseless civilians. On 1 June, this resulted in the killing in cold-blood of a young woman, Razan Ashraf Al-Najjar, age 21, who had been volunteering as a medic to treat wounded civilian protesters across the weeks of the Great March of Return demonstrations in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli sniper shot and killed Razan as she and other first responders walked towards the boundary fence with their arms visibly raised on their way to treat and evacuate injured protesters.

She was shot in the chest despite the fact that she was wearing a white vest with the red emblem of the Palestinian Medical Relief Society clearly marking her as medical personnel.  Razan’s reputation was that of an “angel of mercy”, due to her dedication to saving lives, yet her life was ended by this criminal occupation.

It is inexcusable that such brutality, equivalent, in every meaning of the word, to terrorism, should continue to take place in full view of the international community with total impunity. That an occupying Power should feel shielded from any accountability or consequence in a situation where it is clearly and deliberately massacring innocent civilians, children, women and men, violating the most basic principles of international law and human morality, threatens to destroy the credibility of the international system, the very existence of which emanated from a desire to stop mass atrocity crimes and maintain international peace and security.

As stated by Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie McGoldrick, “The killing of a clearly-identified medical staffer by security forces during a demonstration is particularly reprehensible. It is difficult to see how it squares with Israel’s obligation as occupying power to ensure the welfare of the population of Gaza.” Head of the WHO office in the OPT, Dr. Gerald Rockenschaub, highlighted that “Such attacks on health care must not happen and we need to enhance our efforts to ensure the protection of our frontline health workers. There are clear obligations to safeguard healthcare under international law and these must be respected.”

This latest war crime follows a series of attacks by Israeli occupation forces targeting healthcare personnel and equipment. Between 30 March and 27 May, 2 health workers have been killed and 245 health workers injured by Israeli attacks, and 40 ambulances have been damaged.

On 1 June, Israeli forces also injured 100 civilians, including 30 by live ammunition, bringing the total number of Palestinians wounded and injured throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory since the protests began to more than 13,000 civilians, including women and children.

This chronic and massive pressure on Gaza’s health system, that has been weakened and made extremely vulnerable by more than a decade of Israeli blockade, has led the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to dispatch two teams of conflict and trauma surgeons and medical supplies to Gaza to deal with the health crisis, starting as a priority with the treatment of about 1,350 gunshot wound victims in need of several operations each.

As described by ICRC director Robert Mardini, “Imagine, 1,350 people with complex cases who will need 3 to 5 operations each, a total of 4,000 surgeries, half of which will be carried out by ICRC teams. I think such a caseload would overwhelm any health system in the world, including in Geneva.” Mr. Mardini further described Gaza as a “sinking ship” that is “suffocating” and experiencing a “health crisis of unprecedented magnitude”.

We recognize and commend the ICRC, along with MSF and the many other humanitarian organizations, who are working alongside our healthcare workers and the United Nations, particularly UNRWA, to provide medical care to so many Palestinians at this time of great need. We appeal all States to continue their vital humanitarian assistance to the Palestinian people, especially during this medical crisis in Gaza with the health sector at the brink of collapse and in light of the deepening humanitarian crisis, and urge in particular an increase in support to UNRWA to continue uninterrupted its indispensable assistance, including emergency services, to Palestine refugees.

The international community must recognize this disastrous situation for what it is.  This is a man-made crisis that will only continue to worsen if immediate measures are not undertaken to reign in Israel, the occupying Power, and bring a halt to its unlawful actions.  It is unacceptable that, despite all that has come to pass and despite the countless calls for the protection of the Palestinian people by States and humanitarian and human rights organizations worldwide, one Security Council member continues to justify the lawlessness and cruelty of Israel’s military occupation and to singularly absolve Israel of its crimes.  The veto cast last Friday by the US once again provided Israel with cover to pursue its assault on the Palestinian people and on international law. Moreover, it dealt yet another blow to the credibility and integrity of the Security Council and its capacity to uphold its mandate to ensure international peace and security.

We thus appeal again to the international community to act quickly and responsibly to prevent further assaults by Israel, the occupying Power, against Palestinian civilians. We call on the international community to publicly condemn Israel’s killing of Palestinian civilians, including Razan Al-Najjar, the most recent victim of the Israeli onslaught, and to also condemn all of its previous deliberate killings and maiming of healthcare personnel, as well as journalists.

We further urge public calls to demand that Israel be held accountable for its crimes under international law. Palestinians, like all other human beings, deserve the attention and action of the international community and must be afforded the protections of international law and not excluded from them. The message should not be sent that their lives are dispensable, not worth the time of the international community, not worth protecting.

Despite the obstruction in the Security Council, we continue to reiterate our calls, and will persist in our efforts, for the protection of the Palestinian people, in accordance with international humanitarian and human rights law and the many relevant resolutions aimed at protecting and ensuring the safety and well-being of a defenseless civilian population being held captive under a more-than half century occupation and more-than 11-year blockade. This must just be the start of efforts at the United Nations to bring an end to the illegal occupation of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, to the illegal blockade of Gaza, to the decades of dispossession of Palestine refugees, all of which constitute the root causes of the ongoing brutality witnessed since 30 March.

This letter is in follow-up to our 636 previous letters regarding the ongoing crisis in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, which constitutes the territory of the State of Palestine.  These letters, dated from 29 September 2000 (A/55/432-S/2000/921) to 28 May 2018 (XX) constitute a basic record of the crimes being committed by Israel, the occupying Power, against the Palestinian people since September 2000.  For all of these war crimes, acts of State terrorism and systematic human rights violations being committed against the Palestinian people, Israel, the occupying Power, must be held accountable and the perpetrators be brought to justice.

I should be grateful if you would arrange to have this letter made available to the members of the Security Council for their immediate and valuable consideration and also distributed as an official document of the Security Council.

Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my highest consideration.

Dr. Riyad Mansour


Permanent Observer

of the State of Palestine to the United Nations