Statement by H.E. Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, President of the State of Palestine, Delivered before the United Nations General Assembly 74th Session on 26 September 2019

In the name of God, the most Merciful and Beneficent

Excellency, Mr. Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, President of the United Nations General Assembly,

Excellency, Mr. Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations,

Ladies and Gentlemen, Heads and Members of Distinguished Delegations

Peace, Mercy and Blessings of God be upon you.

A week before the recent Israeli elections, Israel’s Prime Minister, Netanyahu, came out to arrogantly announce that should he prevail in the election, he would annex and apply Israeli sovereignty to the Jordan Valley, northern Dead Sea, and Israel’s colonial settlements despite the fact that all these areas are occupied Palestinian territory. We reject entirely and completely this illegal plan. Our response, if any Israeli Government is to proceed with this plan, all signed agreements with the government of the occupation and any obligations therein will be terminated, in line with the previous decisions we have taken in this regard. And, it is our right to defend our rights by all possible means, regardless of consequences, while remaining committed to international law and combating terrorism, and our hands will remain extended for peace.

In this regard, I thank all leaders, countries, and international organizations that condemned and rejected this declaration and Israel’s illegal settlement activities as a whole, which constitute serious violations of UN resolutions and grave breaches of international law.  Moreover, all have reaffirmed that the Palestine question remains a central question for the international community.

I ask you, ladies and gentlemen: what would you do if someone tried take the land of your country and tried to erase your presence in it? It is time for the international community to uphold its responsibilities to bring an end to this Israeli aggression and arrogance.

I had hoped to come to you this year to proclaim together the end of this occupation, the Israeli occupation of my homeland, Palestine. But, regrettably, I stand before you today bearing the same miseries and pain that has been endured for so long by my people, who, despite all that they have suffered of injustice, oppression and occupation – still hold on to the hope of achieving their freedom and independence, as all other nations of the world.

I ask you once again: hasn’t the time come for the emancipation of the Palestinian people and their freedom from this injustice, oppression and occupation?

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Your august Assembly granted the State of Palestine observer State status in the United Nations in 2012. We are grateful for this legal and moral stance, and we thank you for your principled position in support of our collective, just demands to end the Israeli occupation of the land of the State of Palestine and to actualize its full and complete independence on the 4 June 1967 borders, along with a just and lasting solution to the question of the Palestine refugees, whose plight has been tragically prolonged, in conformity with the relevant UN resolutions and the Arab Peace Initiative, which affirmed the two-State solution: the State of Palestine and the State of Israel.

We also convey our deep appreciation to all countries and peoples that continue to provide support and solidarity to our people and our country, politically and economically, aimed at ending the occupation and building our national institutions, in addition to their continued support to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA), pending a just and comprehensive solution to the plight our refugees in line with international law.

We are proud that the State of Palestine, despite the obstacles and policies imposed by the Israeli occupation and those behind it, has become a full member in, and a State party to, over 110 international instruments and organizations. It has received the recognition of 140 States from around the world, and is chairing the Group of 77 and China this year. It continues to competently assume its responsibilities at the regional and international levels, as a resilient and constructive member of the international family, and deserves to be a full member of the United Nations and all of its bodies and agencies.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We accepted international legitimacy and international law as the framework and judgement to resolve our cause, and we have strived for and continue to seek a just and comprehensive peace. But, the international law that we have accepted and held firm to and the peace that we strive for are now severely endangered as a result of the policies and practices of Israel in our occupied land and its reneging on signed agreements since the Oslo accords in 1993 to the present. The responsibility for defending and preserving international law and peace is incumbent upon you.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In East Jerusalem, the occupying Power is waging a reckless, racist war against everything Palestinian, from the confiscation and demolition of homes, to assaults on clergy, to the eviction of our citizens from their homes, to attempts to violate the sanctity of the holy Al-Aqsa Mosque and Church of the Holy Sepulchre, to the legislation of racist laws, to the denial of access by worshippers to the holy places.

I caution against these policies and reckless measures, which will lead to dangerous consequences with unfathomable implications. Who can accept the continuation of such daily aggressions against our people or accept the continuation of such grave violations of international law?   

We are confident that the international community will not accept Israel’s arbitrary decision to withhold our revenues, and to confiscate a part of it, which is deepening the suffering of our people and preventing us from fulfilling our financial obligations towards them and also exacerbate the economic crisis our country is enduring due to a lack of resources and the decision by some parties and countries to suspend their commitments towards us.

Yet, the Palestinian people will not surrender to the Israeli occupation regardless of the circumstances, and no matter the pain, and will remain steadfast on their land, resisting occupation by all available means, foremost peaceful popular resistance. This is our legitimate right and our national and moral obligation. Let everyone know that occupation cannot bring peace or security or stability for anyone.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

What is unfortunate and shocking is that the US administration – a permanent member of the Security Council that is responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security and uphold UN resolutions – is supporting the Israeli aggression against us, reneging on its international political, legal and moral obligations. The US administration has undertaken extremely aggressive and unlawful measures, declaring Jerusalem as the so-called “capital of Israel” and moving its embassy there, and in blatant provocation to the sensitivities of hundreds of millions of Muslims and Christians, for whom Jerusalem is a central part of their religious faith.

Jerusalem will remain the eternal capital of Palestine regardless of any such schemes or actions.

The US administration did not stop there, but also decided to close the representation of the Palestine Liberation Organization in Washington, and some its officials have claimed that the Israeli settlements on our occupied territory are “legitimate”. Moreover, it immorally and inhumanely terminated all of its contributions to UNRWA.

Then, it somehow speaks of the so-called “Deal of the century”, and peddles deceptive and illusive economic “solutions”, after it destroyed by its policies and measures all possibilities to achieve peace.

This US policy has emboldened the government of the Israeli occupation to renege all signed agreements with us and its commitments towards peace, depriving the peace process of any credibility, pushing large segments of the Palestinian people to lose hope in the possibility of long-awaited peace, and jeopardizing the two-State solution.

This has led many to seriously question: if the two-State solution has become impossible because of Israel’s policies, then why don’t we pursue a one-state solution where all citizens can be fairly treated and are equal in rights and duties?

Here, I must ask you: How can I answer these questions raised by the people? How can one fulfill reciprocal commitments that the other side is not abiding by? And despite all of this, I remain committed to the two-State solution.

From our side, we have never missed an opportunity to hold serious negotiations with the Israeli side. We have constructively engaged with all initiatives proposed and based on UN resolutions and international law. However, regrettably, we have not found an Israeli partner, and found instead obstacles and challenges imposed by the Israeli government that continues to refuse to come to the negotiating table.

Despite all this, ladies and gentlemen, I renew the call for the convening of an international peace conference in line with the initiative I presented before the Security Council in February 2018.  This peace conference should include permanent members of the Security Council, the members of the Quartet as well as relevant Arab and international stakeholders, to adopt a plan based on the international consensus, UN resolutions and the Arab Peace Initiative, within a defined timeframe, to end the occupation, achieve the independence of our State and end the conflict. We cannot accept that the shepherding of peace be monopolized by one country.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

From the outset, we have believed in democracy as a foundation for the building of our State and society. We have enshrined this in our constitution and exercised this on the ground. We conducted general elections in 1996, 2005 and 2006, in addition to regular local elections.

However, this democratic process was paralyzed by the coup by Hamas in 2007, which is an unbearable situation. Therefore, I have decided, upon my return from this international gathering, to announce a date for the holding of general elections in Palestine – in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. I call on the UN and the relevant international organizations to monitor these elections, and I will attribute full responsibility to those who may attempt to prevent it from happening on the date determined.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We once again reaffirm our condemnation of terrorism in its all forms and sources. In this context, we strongly condemn the terror attacks against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other Arab States, particularly the recent attacks against oil facilities in the Kingdom. We reaffirm our unwavering support to our brothers.

In conclusion, I salute all our Palestinian people in Palestine, in the refugee camps and diaspora and across the world and express our pride in them. I tell them: we are confident that this occupation, like all occupation that preceded it, will inevitably end; that the dawn of freedom and independence is coming; and that the oppression and aggression they have endured for so long will not last. A right is never lost as long as someone strives to claim it.

We salute our honorable martyrs, courageous prisoners and wounded heroes, and salute their resilient families who we will not give up on their rights. We salute to those remaining steadfast in our beloved homeland. The date of our freedom and the independence of State with its eternal capital Al-Quds is soon approaching.

I thank you, Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen

Statement by H.E. Mahmoud Abbas, President of the State of Palestine, Delivered Before the United Nations General Assembly, 73rd Session on 27 September 2018

Jerusalem is not for sale and the Palestinian people’s rights are not up for bargaining

In the name of God, the most merciful and beneficent

Excellency, Ms. Maria Fernanda Espinosa, President of the United Nations General Assembly,

Excellency, Mr. Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations,

Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen,

In these days last year, I came before you appealing for freedom, independence and justice for my oppressed people, who are suffering under Israeli occupation for more than fifty-one years.

I return to you today as this colonial occupation continues to suffocate us and to undermine our serious efforts to build the institutions of our cherished State, which this august General Assembly recognized in the year 2012.

This year the Palestinian National Council, the parliament of the State of Palestine, convened and renewed the legitimacy of our national institutions through the election of a new leadership for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. This Parliament undertook important decisions, which oblige me to review the agreements, political, economic and security alike, that have been reached with the Israeli Government, and to also review the future of the Palestinian National Authority, which has been rendered without authority. [Read more…]

Statement of H.E. Riad Malki, Foreign Minister of the State of Palestine, at the tenth Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly, Vote on Draft Resolution on the Status of Jerusalem, 21 December 2017

Mr. President of the General Assembly,

Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

We requested the convening of the Tenth Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly to further the international consensus expressed by peoples and governments around the world, and by an overwhelming majority of the Security Council in its vote on a draft resolution reaffirming the legal, political and historic status and character of Jerusalem and rejecting all attempts to alter this status and character as null and void.

Let me seize this opportunity to thank the Arab Group and the Member States of the OIC and NAM for their request to convene this emergency session following the veto, which prevented the Security Council from performing its duties in regards to the maintenance of international peace and security despite the support of 14 Council members for the draft resolution tabled by the Arab Republic of Egypt. Under these circumstances, the General Assembly has the competence to undertake this responsibility in accordance with resolution 377 (V), “Uniting for Peace”. [Read more…]

Tenth Emergency Special Session

Illegal Israeli actions in occupied East Jerusalem and the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territory

The tenth Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly was convened for the first time in April 1997, following a request from Qatar, Chair of the Arab Group.

The session followed a series of Security Council and General Assembly meetings regarding the Israeli decision to build “Har Homa”, a large illegal Israeli settlement, in the Jabal Abu Ghneim area of Occupied East Jerusalem.

The tenth Emergency Special Session was last resumed on 15 and 16 January 2009 to consider the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip, at the request of the President of the General Assembly.

Below are relevant documents for each time the tenth Emergency Special Session was convened. [Read more…]

General Assembly Resolutions

Resolutions Adopted During the 69th General Assembly

Resolution TitleResolution Number
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian PeopleA/RES/69/20
Division for Palestinian Rights of the SecretariatA/RES/69/21
Special information programme on the question of Palestine of the Department of Public Information of the SecretariatA/RES/69/22
Peaceful settlement of the question of PalestineA/RES/69/23
JerusalemA/RES/69/24
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/69/86
Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities
A/RES/69/87
Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
A/RES/69/88
Palestine refugees' properties and their revenues
A/RES/69/89
Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories
A/RES/69/90
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories
A/RES/69/91
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian GolanA/RES/69/92
Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem
A/RES/69/93
Assistance to the Palestinian peopleA/RES/69/242
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determinationA/RES/69/165
Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resourcesA/RES/69/241

Resolutions Adopted During the 68th General Assembly

Resolution TitleResolution Number
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian PeopleA/RES/68/12
Division for Palestinian Rights of the SecretariatA/RES/68/13
Special information programme on the question of Palestine of the Department of Public Information of the SecretariatA/RES/68/14
Peaceful settlement of the question of PalestineA/RES/68/15
JerusalemA/RES/68/16
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/68/76
Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities
A/RES/68/77
Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
A/RES/68/78
Palestine refugees' properties and their revenues
A/RES/68/79
Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories
A/RES/68/80
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories
A/RES/68/81
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian GolanA/RES/68/82
Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem
A/RES/68/83
Assistance to the Palestinian peopleA/RES/68/100
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determinationA/RES/68/154
Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resourcesA/RES/67/235

Resolutions Adopted During the 67th General Assembly

Resolution TitleResolution Number
Status of Palestine in the United NationsA/RES/67/19
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian PeopleA/RES/67/20
Division for Palestinian Rights of the SecretariatA/RES/67/21
Special information programme on the question of Palestine of the Department of
Public Information of the Secretariat
A/RES/67/22
Peaceful settlement of the question of PalestineA/RES/67/23
JerusalemA/RES/67/24
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/67/86
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/67/114
Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities
A/RES/67/115
Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
A/RES/67/116
Palestine refugees' properties and their revenues
A/RES/67/117
Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories
A/RES/67/118
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories
A/RES/67/119
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian GolanA/RES/67/120
Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem
A/RES/67/121
Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resourcesA/RES/67/158
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determinationA/RES/67/229

Resolutions Adopted During the 66th General Assembly

Resolution TitleResolution Number
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian PeopleA/RES/66/14
Division for Palestinian Rights of the SecretariatA/RES/66/15
Special information programme on the question of Palestine of the Department of
Public Information of the Secretariat
A/RES/66/16
Peaceful settlement of the question of PalestineA/RES/66/17
JerusalemA/RES/66/18
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/66/72
Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilitiesA/RES/66/73
Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastA/RES/66/74
Palestine refugees' properties and their revenuesA/RES/66/75
Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied TerritoriesA/RES/66/76
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territoriesA/RES/66/77
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian GolanA/RES/66/78
Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East JerusalemA/RES/66/79
Assistance to the Palestinian peopleA/RES/66/118
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determinationA/RES/66/146
Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resourcesA/RES/66/225

http://palestineun.org/547/

Resolutions Adopted During the 65th General Assembly

Resolution TitleResolution Number
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian PeopleA/RES/65/13
Division for Palestinian Rights of the SecretariatA/RES/65/14
Special information programme on the question of Palestine of the Department of
Public Information of the Secretariat
A/RES/65/15
Peaceful settlement of the question of PalestineA/RES/65/16
JerusalemA/RES/65/17
Assistance to Palestine refugeesA/RES/65/98
Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent hostilitiesA/RES/65/99
Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastA/RES/65/100
Palestine refugees' properties and their revenuesA/RES/65/101
Work of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied TerritoriesA/RES/65/102
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territoriesA/RES/65/103
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian GolanA/RES/65/104
Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East JerusalemA/RES/65/105
Assistance to the Palestinian peopleA/RES/65/134
Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resourcesA/RES/65/179
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determinationA/RES/65/202

http://palestineun.org/65th-session-resolutions/

ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

On 8 December 2003, the General Assembly of the United Nations in its tenth emergency special session adopted resolution ES-10/14, in which the Assembly requested the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to urgently render an advisory opinion on: “the legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, as described in the report of the Secretary-General, considering the rules and principles of international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions.

On 19 December 2003, the ICJ issued an order, setting 30 January 2004 as the date for written statements to be submitted to the Court on the matter and setting 23 February 2004 as the date for the oral hearings. Below you will find the General Assembly resolutions regarding the Wall; Palestine’s Written and Oral Statement’s to the Court (Arabic and English); an Executive Summary of Palestine’s Statement; the Appendices and Annexes to Palestine’s Statement; and maps and photos regarding the Wall.

Below you will find relevant documents to the proceedings:

General Assembly Resolutions and ICJ Advisory Opinion
Submissions and Statements by Palestine to the ICJ
GA resolution ES-10/13 (21 October 2003Written Statement and Oral Pleadings of Palestine to the International Court of Justice regarding the “Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory” -- English and Arabic
GA resolution ES-10/14 (8 December 2003)Appendices and Annexes
GA resolution ES-10/15 (20 July 2004)Executive Summary of Palestine's Written Statement -- English and Arabic
The Advisory Opinion rendered on 9 July 04 by the Intl. Court of Justice (ICJ) on the legal consequences of the construction of a Wall by Israel, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem -- English and Arabic
Resolution ES-10-17:Establishment of the United Nations Register of Damage caused by the Construction of the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24 January 2007