Statement of H.E. President Mahmoud Abbas President of the State of Palestine UN General Assembly General Debate of the 75 th Session 25 September 2020

In the name of God, the Merciful,
H.E. Mr. Volkan Bozkir, President of the General Assembly
H.E. Mr. António Guterres, Secretary General
Ladies and Gentlemen, Heads and Members of delegations,

I wondered while preparing this statement what more could I tell you, after all that I have said in previous statements, about the perpetual tragedy and suffering being endured by my people – which the world is witness to daily – and about their legitimate aspirations – which are yet to be fulfilled – to freedom, independence and human dignity, as enjoyed by the peoples of the world.

Until when, ladies and gentlemen, will the question of Palestine remain without a just solution as enshrined in United Nations resolutions? Until when will the Palestinian people remain under Israeli occupation and will the question of millions of Palestine refugees remain without a just solution in accordance with what the United Nations has determined over 70 years ago?

Ladies and Gentlemen,
The Palestinian people have been present in their homeland, Palestine, the land of their ancestors, for over 6000 years, and they will continue living on this land, steadfast in the face of occupation, aggression and the disappointments and betrayals, until the fulfilment of their rights. Despite all they have endured and continue to endure, despite the unjust blockade that targets our national decision, we will not kneel or surrender and we will not deviate from our fundamental positions, and we shall overcome, God willing.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
We have accepted the rule of international law and UN resolutions, and we have done so in spite of the historic injustice that we have borne from 1917 to the present day, and even though these resolutions only acknowledged as Palestinian the territories occupied in 1967. Yet, the Israeli occupying Power, with the support of the present US administration, wants to substitute this basis for a just solution with the US ‘Deal of the Century’ and the planned annexation of over 33% of the land of the State of Palestine, in addition to the annexation of occupied East Jerusalem, including Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. We have rejected this deal, as did the international community, as it contravenes international law and
UN resolutions, which recognized, inter alia, the existence of the State of Palestine in 2012 as part of the international order.

We have always sought a just, comprehensive and lasting peace, and we have agreed to all the initiatives presented to us. I have personally dedicated my life to achieving this desired peace, notably since 1988, followed by the Madrid Conference and the Oslo Accords in 1993, and to this very day. We accepted and remained committed to the Arab Peace Initiative, as it provides for peace, security and coexistence once the occupation ends. We did all of this for peace.

What did Israel, the occupying Power, do in return? It violated all agreements signed with us, undermined the two-State solution through its oppressive practices of killing and maiming, arrests, home demolitions, asphyxiating our economy, and systematically acting to alter the character and identity of occupied Jerusalem, attacking its Muslim and Christian holy sites, notably Al-Aqsa Mosque, and pursuing its settler colonialism on our land and against our people, ignoring the Arab Peace Initiative for peace and actively attempting now to kill another opportunity for peace through reckless unilateral measures.

Finally, it announces normalization agreements with both the UAE and Bahrain, in violation of the Arab Peace Initiative, and the terms of reference of a comprehensive, lasting and just solution in accordance with international law. The Palestine Liberation Organization has not
given a mandate to anyone to speak or negotiate on behalf of the Palestinian people and the only path to lasting, comprehensive and just peace in our region requires ending the occupation and securing the independence of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders with East
Jerusalem as its capital.

In this regard, I call on the Secretary-General of the United Nations to undertake, in cooperation with the Quartet and the Security Council, preparations to convene an international conference with full authority and with the participation of all concerned parties, early next year, to engage in a genuine peace process, based on international law, UN resolutions and the relevant terms of reference, leading to an end the occupation and the achievement by the Palestinian people of their freedom and independence within their State, with East Jerusalem as its capital, on the 1967 borders, and resolving all final status issues, notably the question of the refugees, based on resolution 194.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Those who believe the Palestinian people can coexist with the occupation or be subdued by pressure and diktats are under an illusion, as are those who are being misled to believe that they can circumvent our people, who bear this struggle and are its only address. Let everyone know there will be no peace, no security, no stability and no coexistence in our region while
this occupation continues and a just, comprehensive solution to the question of Palestine, the core of the conflict, remains denied.

In Palestine, ladies and gentlemen, there is a living nation, creative, civilized, peace-loving, aspiring passionately to freedom. A nation that has been able – despite the occupation that besieges our lives – to build an active and modern society, that believes in democracy and the
rule of law and has been able to preserve its national existence and identity despite all the political and philosophical differences between its diverse components. Here we are, despite all the obstacles that you know too well, preparing ourselves to hold parliamentary elections, followed by presidential elections, with the participation of all factions and political parties.

We will continue creating life and hope under the flag of national unity and democracy. We will continue resisting all attempts and plans to erase us, and we will secure our rightful and natural place among nations and exercise the rights granted to us by international legitimacy, including our right to resist this occupation in accordance with international law.

We will continue building the institutions of our State and consolidating them on the basis of the rule of law. We will continue combating international terrorism, as we have done for years past. We will remain faithful to peace, justice, human and national dignity under all circumstances. I salute the great Palestinian people that bravely pursues the struggle for freedom and independence. I salute our martyrs, prisoners and wounded. I salute Jerusalem and our people who remain steadfast in its holy sites. I salute our people in the besieged Gaza Strip. I salute our people in the refugee camps everywhere. I salute all those who stand with us and with our rights from all countries, nations and organizations.

Peace be upon you.

2 February 2015 – Incessant Israeli Settlement Activities

Excellency,

As the Security Council remains sidelined vis-à-vis the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Israel, the occupying Power, continues to exploit the international community’s inaction by persisting with its illegal policies and practices with impunity.  In particular, the Israeli Government continues its insidious colonization of the Palestinian land it has belligerently, illegitimately occupied since June 1967, in grave breach of international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, as well as international criminal law as articulated in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

There is no difference – whether through periods of peace process or periods of unrest and conflict – Israel has never ceased its settlement activities in the Occupied State of Palestine, including East Jerusalem.  In words and in deeds, every single Israeli government has actively carried out this illegal settlement campaign, openly entrenching the occupation in every way.  The latest such step was taken on Friday, 30 January, when it was revealed that the occupying Power has decided to move forward with the construction at least 450 new settlement units in various areas throughout Occupied Palestine, including in East Jerusalem.   [Read more…]

23 January 2014 – More Settlements in the West Bank and Missiles in the Gaza Strip Aggravate Tensions

Excellency,

I regret to inform you of the continuing turmoil and deterioration of the situation in the Occupied State of Palestine due to illegal and provocative policies that continue to be pursued by Israel, the occupying Power.  While serious peace efforts are being undertaken both regionally and internationally to achieve peace and to salvage the two-State solution, Israel instead continues to choose aggression and colonization.  In fact, not a single day has passed since the resumption of peace talks in which the occupying Power has ceased its oppressive and destructive measures threatening to derail the peace talks and threatening to create an environment for violence to erupt and spiral out of control.

 The latest spate of Israeli crimes took place yesterday, Wednesday, 22 January, in the Gaza Strip, an integral part of the State of Palestine, which remains under an oppressive, unlawful blockade.  For the second time in a week, Israeli occupying forces launched military strikes against the Gaza Strip, firing a missile at a car carrying Ahmed Zaanin, 21 years old, and Mahmoud Zaanin, 23 years old, killing them both.  We continue to condemn this illegal practice of extrajudicial executions repeatedly perpetrated by Israel, the occupying Power, and call for the international community to take measures to ensure accountability for such grave violations of international law and human rights law. [Read more…]

12 December 2013 – Statement on Assistance to the Palestinian People

Statement by H.E. Ambassador Dr. Riyad Mansour, Permanent Observer of the State of Palestine to the United Nations, before the United Nations General Assembly, 68th Session, on agenda item 70(b) “Assistance to the Palestinian people”, 12 December 2013:                                         

 (Check against delivery)

Mr. President,

We meet today to consider the issue of the strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance, including assistance to the Palestinian people, a people who have been suffering for many decades from occupation and the denial of the exercise of their inalienable rights.

The international community has determined that assistance to the Palestinian people is a vital element and collective responsibility in the efforts to achieve peace and stability in the region.  Here, I extend, on behalf of the State of Palestine and the Palestinian people, our profound gratitude and appreciation to all peoples, Governments and international organizations that have provided financial support in the framework of this assistance, which is being undertaken through concrete programs and projects that offer significant developmental support to the Palestinian people while also contributing to their resilience under adverse circumstances, giving them hope and assurances that they are not alone and that the world is supporting them in the quest for a brighter future for their children. [Read more…]

17 October 2013- Israel is destroying the viability of the two-State solution

Excellency,

We write to express our alarm about ongoing illegal Israeli activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, the territory constituting the State of Palestine. The persistence of the occupying Power’s illegal and provocative actions in this regard continues to raise tensions and further destabilize the situation on the ground.  While the State of Palestine remains committed to and continues to engage in the negotiations in good faith, Israel’s ongoing aggression against the sovereignty, viability, territorial integrity and contiguity of the State of Palestine and the viability of the two-State solution are both cause for alarm and cause for deep doubts regarding the potential for success of the negotiations.

[Read more…]

23 August 2013 – Israeli Settlement Expansion and Other International Law Violations Threaten Prospects for Peace

Excellency,

Despite the efforts aimed at salvaging the two-State solution and reviving negotiations Israel, the occupying Power, continues its illegal settlement activities throughout the land of the State of Palestine and continues other provocative and illegal actions that signal yet again Israel’s rejection of the path of peace and its stratagem for occupation, annexation and domination of the Palestinian people. Illegal actions by the Israeli occupying forces and extremist Israeli settlers continue to highlight Israel’s true stance regarding the two-State solution and its infinite attempts to squander it.

[Read more…]

Resolutions, Descisions and Reports regarding Palestine’s Status in the United Nations

Resolutions
Reports of the Secretary-General
Observer Status for the Palestine Liberation Organization, Resolution 3237 (XXIX) of 22 November 1974
Participation of Palestine in the Work of the United Nations, Resolution 52/250 of 7 July 1998Secretary-General Report A/52/1002 and A/52/1002/Corr.1 on the Palestine's Participation after the adoption of 52/250
Status of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, Resolution 58/292 of 6 May 2004

Use of the Term Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, Decision A/DEC/53/424 of 7 December 1998
Status of Palestine in the United Nations, Resolution 67/19 of 29 November 2012Secretary-General Report, A/67/738 on the Status of Palestine after the adoption of 67/19

Memorandum from the UN Office for Legal Affairs regarding Palestine's New Status in the United Nations after the adoption of Resolution 67/19

General Assembly Annual Reports

The Permanent Observer Mission of the State of Palestine to the United Nations (UN) in New York prepares a report on a yearly basis following every session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The report shows the voting record of each Member State on all resolutions adopted during the session of the UNGA mainly during the period from September to December every year.

The main purpose for the preparation of this report is to understand voting patterns of UN Member States on resolutions related to the Question of Palestine (QoP) and where necessary to undertake specific efforts to garner more support for these important resolutions, which cover a wide range of issues relevant to the QoP and in particular reaffirm core principles and rules of international law in this regard. The report also seeks to illustrate and evaluate political support of Member States on issues related to Palestine in the UN. It also analyzes the shifts in voting that may have taken place in comparison with the previous sessions.

(2012) Report of the 67th General Assembly 

 

(29 November 2012) Statement by President Abbas before the Adoption of resolution 67/19 on the Status of Palestine in the United Nations

English

 

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, and the Merciful

 

President of the United Nations General Assembly, Mr. Vuk Jeremic

Excellencies Heads of Delegations,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

At the outset, I wish to affirm our appreciation to all Member States that, in their statements to this Assembly, have stressed the urgency for progress towards the realization of a just peace in our region that allows for the fulfillment by the Palestinian people of their inalienable national rights.

[Read more…]

ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

On 8 December 2003, the General Assembly of the United Nations in its tenth emergency special session adopted resolution ES-10/14, in which the Assembly requested the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to urgently render an advisory opinion on: “the legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, as described in the report of the Secretary-General, considering the rules and principles of international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions.

On 19 December 2003, the ICJ issued an order, setting 30 January 2004 as the date for written statements to be submitted to the Court on the matter and setting 23 February 2004 as the date for the oral hearings. Below you will find the General Assembly resolutions regarding the Wall; Palestine’s Written and Oral Statement’s to the Court (Arabic and English); an Executive Summary of Palestine’s Statement; the Appendices and Annexes to Palestine’s Statement; and maps and photos regarding the Wall.

Below you will find relevant documents to the proceedings:

General Assembly Resolutions and ICJ Advisory Opinion
Submissions and Statements by Palestine to the ICJ
GA resolution ES-10/13 (21 October 2003Written Statement and Oral Pleadings of Palestine to the International Court of Justice regarding the “Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory” -- English and Arabic
GA resolution ES-10/14 (8 December 2003)Appendices and Annexes
GA resolution ES-10/15 (20 July 2004)Executive Summary of Palestine's Written Statement -- English and Arabic
The Advisory Opinion rendered on 9 July 04 by the Intl. Court of Justice (ICJ) on the legal consequences of the construction of a Wall by Israel, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem -- English and Arabic
Resolution ES-10-17:Establishment of the United Nations Register of Damage caused by the Construction of the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24 January 2007